CBD oil is one of the hottest health products on the market right now. Thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill that made industrial hemp and CBD legal throughout the United States, consumers now have access to a wide variety of CBD products. Still, some consumers remain a bit wary. They wonder if the CBD distillates used to make their favorite products might also contain THC.
The simple answer is, ‘maybe’. It is entirely possible that a CBD tincture or oil purchased over the counter contains at least some THC. But it’s also entirely possible that the product’s manufacturer completely isolated THC and removed it during production.
Whether or not a CBD distillate also contains THC is exclusively a matter left up to the manufacturer. But rest assured that any CBD product containing THC only has a minimal amount of the cannabinoid. To understand this, you need to know little bit more about cannabis plants and CBD extraction.
Cannabis Sativa and Indica
Cannabis is not just a single plant. There are multiple varieties, many of which fall under the sativa and indica species. This is important because there are more than a hundred cannabinoids that naturally occur in most of them. Take hemp, for example. Industrial hemp is the plant from which most CBD products are derived.
Industrial hemp contains both CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). In order to be classified as industrial hemp under federal law, the plant can have no more than 0.3% THC. This is important for the simple fact that it is nearly impossible to cultivate a hemp variety with 0.0% THC.
Extracting CBD Oil
To get at all the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids that make CBD products what they are, processes first need to extract CBD oil. Houston-based CedarStoneIndustry explains that extraction can be accomplished using CO2, a natural or hydrocarbon solvent, or steam.
At the conclusion of the extraction process, processors are left with something known as full-spectrum CBD oil. It is so named because it includes all the compounds extracted from the plant. THC will be one of those compounds. From there, processors can either bottle the full-spectrum oil or further process it to isolate certain cannabinoids and terpenes.
The implications of this should be fairly obvious. A full-spectrum CBD distillate will contain some THC, but the THC will be less than 0.3% as required by law. Some broad-spectrum CB distillates also contain THC. More specialized formulas may or may not contain THC depending on the manufacturer’s recipe.
Not Enough to Get High
If you are concerned about your CBD distillate containing THC, feel free to stop worrying about it. At 0.3% or lower, there won’t be enough THC in your favorite product to make you high. You can still experience all the health benefits of using CBD without exposing yourself to excessive amounts of THC.
Having said all that, be incredibly careful to read product labels. Know exactly what is in any CBD product before you use it. If you are nervous about consuming THC, stay away from products labeled as Delta-8 or Delta-10 products. Both Delta-8 and Delta-10 are isomers of Delta-9 THC, the form of THC that makes you high.
Unfortunately, some manufacturers are adding one or both isomers to get around the federal requirement to keep THC at 0.3% or lower. Until a change in law prevents them from doing so, the practice is likely to continue.
CBD distillate is distinct and separate from its THC counterpart. However, it can contain THC if it is a full- or broad-spectrum product. And now you know.