PIPS and LOTS in FX Trading: An Overview

PIPS and LOTS are two essential concepts in FX trading. PIPS, which stands for “pips,” is a measurement used to determine an asset’s price change over time. One pip usually represents 1/100th of a per cent or one basis point, which makes sense when you consider that many currencies are traded in smaller increments, such as five decimal places instead of two or three.

In forex trading, pips can be positive or negative, depending on whether the price has risen or fallen during a given period. For example, if an asset starts at $1 and rises to $1.01 over a day, it would have gained one pip over that time. On the other hand, if it falls to $0.99 over the same period, it would have lost one pip.

LOTS, on the other hand, is a measurement of how many units of an asset are traded at once. It represents the number of “lots” bought or sold in a trade. For example, if you enter into a trade with 1 LOT and later decide to close that position with one LOT, you will have completed one LOT trading. In forex trading, lots can vary depending on the size of your account balance and what kind of broker you are working with.

Both pips and lots are essential concepts to understand when trading forex because they give insight into how much you are trading and how your position could move over time. By calculating the number of pips and comparing this to the size of your LOTS, you can better understand how much risk you are taking with each position.

In addition to pips and lots, forex traders should also familiarise themselves with other standard terms such as margin, leverage, spreads, and rollovers. With this trading knowledge, you will be better prepared to enter a trade, as you precisely know your risk exposure.

What are the risks associated with using PIPS and LOTS?

There are several risks associated with using pips and lots in forex trading. One of the main risks is that you may need to fully understand how these concepts work, which could lead to inaccurate calculations or over-trading. Additionally, there is the risk of unexpected market movements and shifts in price that can make your positions less stable or even incur losses.

Another risk associated with using pips and lots is that it may be challenging to manage your trades effectively if you need more capital. Smaller accounts may only sometimes be able to trade at acceptable leverage levels due to margin requirements, leaving traders exposed to higher levels of risk than they might otherwise experience.

To minimise these risks, it is essential to carefully manage your trades and use tools such as stop losses to limit potential losses. It would help if you calculated your pips and LOTS in advance, using reliable market data sources so that you know exactly how much risk you are taking with each position. With these strategies, you can trade confidently and successfully in the forex market.

Why novice traders should use a broker before trading PIPS and LOTS

There are several reasons why novice traders may want to use a broker before trading with PIPS and LOTS. For one, brokers like Saxo Bank can help you understand the mechanics of forex trading, such as how pips and lots work and how to calculate their values. They also provide market data and research tools to help you make more informed FX trading decisions about your trades.


PIPS and LOTS in FX trading are two critical concepts in forex trading that every trader should understand. Pips are a measurement of price change over time, while lots refer to the number of units traded at once. These concepts can be risky if not appropriately used, as minor errors or unexpected market movements can lead to significant losses. To minimise these risks, it is crucial to manage your trades effectively, using tools such as stop losses and calculating pips and lots in advance using reliable data sources. With these strategies, you can achieve tremendous success in the forex market.